Science & articles home > Peer-reviewed research articles on antimicrobial blue light

Peer-reviewed research articles on antimicrobial blue light

There are currently over 2000 peer-reviewed scientific articles on the efficiency of blue light in eliminating different microbes. On this page you can find links to review articles that summarize the findings until early 2022 as well as the most interesting new publications.

List of main review articles on blue light

The following review articles give a scientific background on how blue light affects microbes and provide longer lists of references to papers which have tested different microbes. 

  1. M. Hessling, B. Spellerberg, K. Hoenes.
    Photoinactivation of bacteria by endogenous photosensitizers and exposure to visible light of different wavelengths – a review on existing data. FEMS Microbiology Letters, Volume 364, Issue 2, January 2017.
  2. Leon G. Leanse, Carolina dos Anjos, Sana Mushtaq, Tianhong Dai.
    Antimicrobial blue light: A ‘Magic Bullet’ for the 21st century and beyond'. Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews 180 (2022) 114057
  3. Wang, Y., Wang, Y., Wang, Y., Murray, C. K., Hamblin, M. R., Hooper, D. C., & Dai, T..
    Antimicrobial blue light inactivation of pathogenic microbes: State of the art. Drug Resistance Updates. (2017)

Articles on contemporary or otherwise important topics

  1. Leanse LG, Goh XS, Cheng JX, Hooper DC, Dai T.
    Dual-wavelength photo-killing of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. JCI Insight. 2020 Jun 4;5(11):e134343. doi: 10.1172/jci.insight.134343. PMID: 32493838; PMCID: PMC7308062.
  2. Ferrer-Espada R, Liu X, Goh X, Dai T.
    Antimicrobial Blue Light Inactivation of Polymicrobial Biofilms. Front Microbiol. 2019 Apr 9;10:721. doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2019.00721. PMID: 31024499; PMCID: PMC6467927.
  3. R. Rathnasinghe, S. Jangra, L. Miorin, M. Schotsasert, C. Yahnke, A. Garcίa-Sastre
    Lighting a better future: the virucidal effects of 405 nm visible light on SARS-CoV-2 and influenza A virus. Scientific Reports volume 11, Article number: 19470 (2021); doi:
  4. M. Hessling, B. Lau and P. Vatter.
    Review of Virus Inactivation by Visible Light
    Last updated February 2024.